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Download PDF by Heiko Haumann: A History of East European Jews

By Heiko Haumann

ISBN-10: 9639241377

ISBN-13: 9789639241374

The origins and lifetime of East ecu Jewry took on new historic and political significance after the Holocaust. In Poland on my own ninety nine consistent with cent of Polish Jews 3 million in all have been killed; Yiddish as a spoken language kind of disappeared. This quantity provides a historical past of East ecu Jewry from its beginnings to the interval after the Holocaust. It supplies an outline of the demographic, political, socioeconomic, spiritual and cultural stipulations of Jewish groups in Poland, Russia, Bohemia and Moravia.Interesting subject matters contain the tale of early settlers, the 'Golden Age', the effect of the Kabbalah and Hasidism. brilliant photographs of Jewish kin existence and spiritual customs make the booklet stress-free to learn.

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It organized charitable donations, regulated leases, and made recommendations concerning economic activity. In addition, it responded, as already mentioned, to anti-Jewish opinions and envy. For example, the Lithuanian Va'ad ordered that modest clothing should be worn and that even at weddings no conspicuous gifts should be given. The number of Christian servants also had to be reduced in order to counter criticisms. Young girls who had passed their fifteenth year and were still not married could obtain support to improve their marriage prospects.

The carvings on synagogue doors and gravestones reached a high level of artistry. Here, as in a wide range of artistic crafts, close interrelations with non-Jewish art in Poland and with Central and Western Europe may be discerned. THE JEWS AS INTERMEDIARIES BETWEEN TOWN AND COUNTRY By the seventeenth century the Jews had managed to obtain for themselves a unique position in Poland not only in culture, but also in the economic and social spheres. They took up the role of intermediary between town and countryside.

4 Philosophy was part of Jewish folk culture. The teachings which were developed primarily between 1150 and 1250—the most famous were those of Judah the Hasid (died 1217)—primarily concerned the secrets of creation. For example, it was a matter of dispute among the Hasidim whether an end of time could be calculated on the basis of indications contained in the Bible. This question stirred people's emotions, and Christians were also concerned with considerations of this kind. High moral demands were made of the 'pious': he should ascetically turn aside from the world, observe religious prescriptions, and practice love and the fear of God.

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