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Download e-book for iPad: A concise grammar of Polish by Oscar Swan

By Oscar Swan

ISBN-10: 0819130176

ISBN-13: 9780819130174

ISBN-10: 0819130184

ISBN-13: 9780819130181

A Concise Grammar of Polish is meant to be used as a supplementary reference textual content at the starting and intermediate degrees of Polish language research. it's also appropriate to be used because the fundamental textual content in a direction on Polish morphology (although workouts would have to be supplied via the instructor).
Phonological and morphological tactics are given specific remedy and representation all through. Sections on declension and conjugation objective at an entire description of all typical and such a lot abnormal phenomena. Descriptions of kinds are liberally supplemented with feedback pertaining to derivation, utilization, and changes among Polish and English.

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Before imperative ending: nieś wieź Before virile N pl. ending after -on suffix of past passive participle: niesiony wieziony niesieni wiezieny 2. Conditioning factor is the open or closed syllable which follows the vowel in question. Closed position refers to a syllable which ends in a consonant. Conversely, an open syllable is one which ends in a vowel. In the two Polish alternations based on this factor, two vowels are commonly found in open position ([o, ę]), due to a vocalic ending. However, when a zero ending is used instead, their syllable becomes closed and there is commonly encountered alternation to [u, ą], respectively.

The affected case forms are the masculine accusative and nominative plural. 41 A. Masculine Nouns. Masc. I: Masculine nouns with -Ø ending in nominative singular. Animate and virile categories of masculine nouns Masculine nouns (in contrast to feminine) never have an independent, non-syncretic accusative case. Their accusative is always equivalent to either the nominative or genitive case, and the choice of which one depends on which category of animacy and virility the noun belongs to. Inanimate nouns are defined as being neither animate nor virile; animals are animate, but not virile, while masculine human beings are both animate and virile.

Wiózł Non-zero ending: osa 'wasp' cnota 'virtue' obora 'cow barn' Genitive plur. before all consonants: ós cnót obór Non-zero ending: Nominative sing. before voiced: dębu 'oak (gen. ) męża 'husband (gen. ) zęby 'tooth (nom. ) dąb mąż ząb Non-zero endings with -ęt suffixed nouns: Genitive plur. of -ęt nouns: cielęta 'calf (nom. ) cieląt Vocalic verbal endings after a root with ę: Verbal infinitive and masc. sing. past with closed syllables: zaczęła 'begin (3sg. fem. ), zaczął (3sg. masc. past), but zacząłem (1sg.

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A concise grammar of Polish by Oscar Swan

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